Learning Te Reo Māori

Each year Te Taura Whiri i te Reo Māori – the Māori Language Commission – organises events to celebrate Māori Language Week in New Zealand. Māori Language Week is about raising awareness around one of New Zealand’s official languages (the other two being English and New Zealand Sign Language).

Te Reo Māori

The Māori language is used in many ways in New Zealand. As a nation, we have adopted many individual words and phrases into our everyday life, eg

  • Kia ora (informal greeting)
  • Koru (grandfather or elder male)
  • Kai (food)
  • Ka pai (good)
  • Hangi (food cooked in the earth)
  • Whanau (extended family)
  • Haka (we all know this one!)

According to Te Taura Whiri i te Reo Māori, 130,000 people have conversational fluency in te reo Māori and 300,000 are learning the language at school.

Pronunciation is key

The Māori alphabet contains five vowels and ten consonants. The vowels are: a, e, i, o, u, and are pronounced quite differently to English (see below). Vowels with macrons have a longer sound: ā, ē, ī, ō, ū. The consonants are: h, k, m, n, p, r, t, w and there are two digraphs: wh, ng (two letters that combine to form one sound).

Te Reo Māori

CLICK THE IMAGE FOR FULL SIZE: Image source: http://www.tetaurawhiri.govt.nz/resources/

For assistance on pronunciation, visit http://www.tetaurawhiri.govt.nz/learn-te-reo-maori/whakahuatanga-pronunciation/

Using Te Reo Māori

Here’s some simple words and phrases that you can use in your everyday life, and that you can teach your children.

Conversation:

  • Kia ora – hi
  • Haere mai – welcome / enter
  • Whenua – land / homeland
  • Mōrena – good morning
  • E noho – sit down
  • E tu – stand up
  • Whakarongo – listen
  • Koha – gift / present
  • Aroha – compassion / love
  • Iti – small, little
  • Nui – large, big
  • Hei aha atu – don’t worry
  • Karakia – prayer
  • Meri Kirihimete – Merry Christmas
  • Matariki – beginning of Māori New Year

People:

  • Whaea – mother
  • Tamaiti – child
  • Tamariki – children
  • Whakapapa – genealogy / ancestors
  • Kaumātua – elder or elders, senior people in a kin group
  • Tama – son, young man, youth
  • Tamāhine – daughter
  • Tāne – man/men, husband
  • Wahine – woman, wife (wāhine: women, wives)
  • Kaumātua – elder of group

Days of the week:

  • Rāhina / Mane – Monday
  • Rātū / Tūrei – Tuesday
  • Rāapa / Wenerei – Wednesday
  • Rāpare / Taite – Thursday
  • Rāmere / Paraire – Friday
  • Rāhoroi – Saturday
  • Rātapu – Sunday

(Either version is suitable)

Our body:

  • Waewae – foot / feet, leg / legs
  • Ringa – hand / arm
  • Niho – teeth
  • Māhunga / upoko – head
  • Manawa – heart
  • Puku – stomach / belly

Numbers:

  • Tahi – one
  • Rua – two
  • Toru – three
  • Whā – four
  • Rima – five
  • Ono – six
  • Whitu – seven
  • Waru – eight
  • Iwa – nine
  • Tekau – ten

Our world:

  • Awa – river
  • Moana – sea
  • Wai – water
  • Motu – island
  • Maunga – mountain
  • Ngahere – forest
  • Āniwaniwa – rainbow
  • One – sand

Sport:

  • Whutupōro – rugby (union)
  • Rīki – rugby league
  • Whana poikiri – soccer (association football)
  • Neti pōro – netball
  • Pahiketepōro – basketball

Food:

  • Kai – food
  • E kai – command to eat
  • Inu – drink
  • E inu – command to drink
  • Hua whenua – vegetables
  • Miraka – milk
  • Tīhi – cheese
  • Rīwai – potatoes
  • Ika – fish
  • Ika me te riwai – fish and chips
  • Heihei – chicken
  • Āporo – apple
  • Ārani – orange
  • Panana – banana
  • Kapu – cup
  • Pune – spoon
  • Pereti – plate
  • Hiakai – hungry
  • Kei te hiakai au – I am hungry
  • Hiainu – thirsty
  • Kei te hiainu au – I am thirsty
  • Toa hokomaha – supermarket
  • Toa hoko miraka – dairy
  • Whare kīhini – kitchen

Out and about:

  • Pahi – bus
  • Tereina – train
  • Motuka – car
  • Paihikara – bicycle
  • Hīkoi – walk
  • Oma – run
  • E oma – to run

Ever wondered what your town or city’s name means? Check out this guide to 10000 Maori place names: https://nzhistory.govt.nz/culture/maori-language-week/1000-maori-place-names

Te Reo Māori

CLICK THE IMAGE FOR FULL SIZE: Image source: http://www.tetaurawhiri.govt.nz/resources/

Sources: http://www.tetaurawhiri.govt.nz and https://nzhistory.govt.nz/culture/maori-language-week/100-maori-words

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